Divergence of East Asians and Europeans estimated using male- and female-specific genetic markers

Yoshio Tateno, Tomoyoshi Komiyama, Toru Katoh, Batmunkh Munkhbat, Akira Oka, Yuko Haida, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Gen Tamiya, Hidetoshi Inoko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To study themale and female lineages of East Asian and European humans, we have sequenced 25 short tandem repeat markers on 453 Y-chromosomes and collected sequences of 72 complete mitochondrial genomes to construct independent phylogenetic trees for male and female lineages. The results indicate that East Asian individuals fall into two clades, one that includes East Asian individuals only and a second that contains East Asian and European individuals. Surprisingly, the European individuals did not form an independent clade, but branched within in the East Asians. We then estimated the divergence time of the root of the European clade as ~41,000 years ago. These data indicate that, contrary to traditional views, Europeans diverged from East Asians around that time. We also address the origin of the Ainu lineage in northern Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)466-473
Number of pages8
JournalGenome biology and evolution
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Mar

Keywords

  • East Asians
  • Europeans
  • Human evolution
  • Individual lineages
  • Mitochondrial DNA
  • Y-STR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Genetics

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    Tateno, Y., Komiyama, T., Katoh, T., Munkhbat, B., Oka, A., Haida, Y., Kobayashi, H., Tamiya, G., & Inoko, H. (2014). Divergence of East Asians and Europeans estimated using male- and female-specific genetic markers. Genome biology and evolution, 6(3), 466-473. https://doi.org/10.1093/gbe/evu027