Distribution of14C after oral administration of (U-14C)labeled methyl linoleate hydroperoxides and their secondary oxidation products in rats

Motoko Oarada, Teruo Miyazawa, Takashi Kaneda

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63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To study the toxicity of low molecular weight (LMW) compounds formed during the autoxidation of oils,14C-labeled primary monomeric compounds (methyl linoleate hydroperoxides) and secondary oxidation products, i.e., polymer and LMW compounds prepared from autoxidized methyl [U-14C]linoleate hydroperoxides (MLHPO) were orally administered to rats, and their radioactive distributions in tissues and organs were compared. The polymeric fraction consisted mainly of dimers of MLHPO. For the LMW fraction, 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal, 8-hydroxy methyl octanoate and 10-formyl methyl-9-decenoate were identified as major constituents by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) after chemical reduction and derivatization. When LMW compounds were administered to rats,14CO2 expiration and the excreted radioactivity in urine in 12 hr were significantly higher than those from polymer or MLHPO administration. Maximum14CO2 expiration appeared 2-4 hr after the dose of LMW compounds. Radioactivity of the upper part of small intestines six hr after the dose of LMW compounds was higher than the values from administered polymer or MLHPO. The remaining radioactivity in the digestive contents and feces 12 hr after administration of LMW compounds was much lower than the values observed from administered polymer or MLHPO. Among internal organs, the liver contained the highest concentration of radioactivities from polymer, MLHPO and LMW fractions, and an especially higher level of radioactivity was found in liver six hr after the administration of LMW compounds. Six hours after the dose of LMW compounds, a relatively higher level of radioactivity also was detected in kidney, brain, heart and lung. These results show that the LMW compounds from MLHPO autoxidation are more easily absorbed in rat tissues than polymer and MLHPO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-154
Number of pages5
JournalLipids
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1986 Feb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Cell Biology

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