We and others previously demonstrated that hereditary mutation and a subsequent second hit in the rat homolog of tuberous sclerosis gene (Tsc2) are responsible for Eker renal carcinomas (RC). In humans, alteration in the TSC2 gene is known to cause the tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) that results in hamartomatous lesions in multiple organs, but the function of TSC2 is not fully understood. In recent years, a second gene (TSC1) responsible for human TSC has been cloned, and binding between TSC1 and TSC2 proteins was reported. In this study, to clarify associations between Tsc proteins in vivo, the expression of Tsc1 protein was detected by immunohistochemistry, and compared with Tsc2 expression. Tsc1 protein was expressed in the nervous system and in many endocrine tissues, including pancreatic islets, the parathyroids, testis, and ovary. Tsc1 was also detected in the many epithelial tissues of organs, such as kidney, uterus, small and large intestine, and liver. Our results indicate overlapping, but not identical, organ distributions of Tsc1 and Tsc2 proteins. At the intracellular distribution, double fluorescent immunolabeling allowed the determination that only a partial portion of Tsc1 signals overlapped with Tsc2 in some organs. These results suggest the existence of co-localizing and independent forms of Tsc proteins in endogenous expressions. Additionally, relatively high expression of Tsc1 protein was detected in RC in the Tsc2 mutant (Eker) rat.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology