Distribution of Dy in high-coercivity (Nd,Dy)-Fe-B sintered magnet

W. F. Li, H. Sepehri-Amin, T. Ohkubo, N. Hase, K. Hono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

88 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The enhanced coercivity of Dy-substituted Nd-Fe-B-based sintered magnets is generally believed to be due to the enhanced magnetocrystalline anisotropy of the compound (Nd,Dy)2Fe14B. In this work we have analyzed the distribution of Dy in sintered (Nd,Dy)-Fe-B magnets using the three-dimensional atom probe (3DAP) technique complemented with high-resolution scanning and transmission electron microscopy. We found Dy atoms are not uniformly distributed throughout the microstructure but some Dy oxides are present. 3DAP results revealed that a nearly pure Nd layer of about 6 nm is present at some of the interfaces between the (Nd,Dy)-rich phase and the (Nd,Dy)2Fe14B phase. Like other optimally annealed sintered magnets, a thin Nd- and Cu-enriched layer was found throughout grain boundaries, in which Dy was not enriched compared with the surrounding area. Based on these newly found microstructural features, the coercivity of (Nd,Dy)-Fe-B sintered magnets is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3061-3069
Number of pages9
JournalActa Materialia
Volume59
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 May 1

Keywords

  • Atom probe
  • Coercivity
  • Grain boundaries
  • Hard magnets
  • Nd-Fe-B

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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