Distribution of dissolved and particulate radiocesium concentrations along rivers and the relations between radiocesium concentration and deposition after the nuclear power plant accident in Fukushima

Hideki Tsuji, Tetsuo Yasutaka, Yoshishige Kawabe, Takeo Onishi, Takeshi Komai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study involved measurement of concentrations of dissolved and particulate radiocesium (134Cs and 137Cs) in river water, and determination of the quantitative relations between the amount of deposited 137Cs and 137Cs concentrations in river waters after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. First, the current concentrations of dissolved and particulate 134Cs·137Cs were determined in a river watershed from 20 sampling locations in four contaminated rivers (Abukuma, Kuchibuto, Shakado, and Ota).Distribution characteristics of different 137Cs forms varied with rivers. Moreover, a higher dissolved 137Cs concentration was observed at the sampling location where the 137Cs deposition occurred much more heavily. In contrast, particulate 137Cs concentration along the river was quite irregular, because fluctuations in suspended solids concentrations occur easily from disturbance and heavy precipitation. A similar tendency with dissolved 137Cs distribution was observed for the 137Cs concentration per unit weight of suspended solids.Regression analysis between deposited 137Cs and dissolved/particulate 137Cs concentrations was performed for the four rivers. The results showed a strong correlation between deposited 137Cs and dissolved 137Cs, and a relatively weak correlation between deposited 137Cs and particulate 137Cs concentration for each river. However, if the particulate 137Cs concentration was converted to 137Cs concentration per unit weight of suspended solid, the values showed a strong correlation with deposited 137Cs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-27
Number of pages13
JournalWater Research
Volume60
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Deposition
  • Dissolved radiocesium
  • Fukushima
  • Particulate radiocesium
  • Regression analysis
  • River water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecological Modelling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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