Distribution of CO2 fluids in the Shimanto belt on Muroto Peninsula, SW Japan: Possible injection of magmatic CO2 into the accretionary prism

Atsushi Okamoto, Michimasa Musya, Yoshitaka Hashimoto, Noriyoshi Tsuchiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Carbon dioxide and methane are major components in geofluids; however, there is little evidence showing how C-H-O fluids evolve in a subduction zone. We investigated fluid inclusions in quartz veins from the Eocene-Oligocene Shimanto belt (Murotohanto subbelt) on Muroto Peninsula, SW Japan using microthermometry and laser Raman spectroscopy. Quartz veins that cut the cleavage of the host rocks in the Murotohanto subbelt contain one-phase carbonic inclusions (CH4) and two-phase aqueous inclusions (CH4 ± CO2 vapor and H2O liquid). The vapor in the two-phase inclusions is essentially CH4 in the northern part of the belt and a CO2-CH4 mixture in the southern part; values of [InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.] (=CO2 / (CO 2 + CH4)) vary from 0 to 0.9. Within a single CO 2-bearing vein, [InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.] values decrease from the vein wall ([InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.] = 0.5 to 0.9) to the vein center ([InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.] = 0), and the homogenization temperature increases from approximately 180°C to 240°C-250°C, indicating a transition of the carbonic species from CO2-CH4 to CH4 during vein formation. CO 2-dominant fluids are rare in most accretionary prisms formed under low-grade metamorphic conditions, and the generation of CO2 cannot be explained by diagenesis of organic matter in sediments under the P-T conditions of formation of the CO2-bearing veins (235°C to 245°C, 165 to 200 MPa). The CO2 fluids are distributed preferentially near an out-of-sequence thrust that brings the Murotohanto subbelt into contact with the late Oligocene-early Miocene Nabae subbelt and its many volcanic and intrusive rocks. We therefore suggest that the CO2 fluids were generated in association with near-trench magmatism during the middle Miocene and that the fluids were injected and mixed with the CH4 pore fluids of the sediments in the accretionary prism.

Original languageEnglish
Article number33
Journalearth, planets and space
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Dec


  • C-H-O fluid
  • Fluid inclusion
  • Quartz vein
  • Shimanto belt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Space and Planetary Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Distribution of CO2 fluids in the Shimanto belt on Muroto Peninsula, SW Japan: Possible injection of magmatic CO2 into the accretionary prism'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this