Distribution and migration of radiocesium in sloping landscapes three years after the Fukushima-1 nuclear accident

M. A. Komissarov, S. Ogura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The results of the study are presented on the distribution and migration of radiocesium in mountainous (580–620 m a.s.l.) landscapes in the northeast of Honshu Island (Tohoku Region, Miyagi Prefecture) subjected to radioactive contamination after the nuclear accident at Fukushima-1 NPP. In July 2014, the average contamination density with radiocesium (134Сs and 137Сs) over the territory (150 km to the northwest from NPP) was equal to 16 kBq/m2. This contamination is estimated at the acceptable level according to both Japanese and Russian standards and legislation. Three years after the accident, radiocesium is found to be unevenly distributed by the biogeocenosis components, i.e. 45% in litter, 40% in plants, 10% in soil, and 5% in roots. As for the distribution of total radiocesium (Cs tot = 134Сs + 137Сs) by the profile of volcanic podzolic-ocherous soil (Dystric Aluandic Andosols), its maximal content (about 80%) was found in the surface layer (0–2.5 cm), with the specific activity ranging from 250 to 10070 Bq/kg and sharply decreasing with the depth. Radiocesium amount in the soils of forest ecosystems was on average by 20% higher than in meadow ecosystems. Accumulation of radionuclides in soils of lower and middle parts of a slope with an insignificant vertical migration was found to be the most general regularity. The air dose rate did not exceed the maximal permissible level, and the snow cover acted as an absorbing and scattering screen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)861-871
Number of pages11
JournalEurasian Soil Science
Volume50
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 1

Keywords

  • Fukushima-1
  • NPP
  • plants
  • radiocesium
  • slope landscapes
  • soil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Distribution and migration of radiocesium in sloping landscapes three years after the Fukushima-1 nuclear accident'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this