Distinct neural correlates of the preference-related valuation of supraliminally and subliminally presented faces

Ayahito Ito, Nobuhito Abe, Yousuke Kawachi, Iori Kawasaki, Aya Ueno, Kazuki Yoshida, Shinya Sakai, Yoshihiko Matsue, Toshikatsu Fujii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent neuroimaging studies have investigated the neural substrates involved in the valuation of supraliminally presented targets and the subsequent preference decisions. However, the neural mechanisms of the valuation of subliminally presented targets, which can guide subsequent preference decisions, remain to be explored. In the present study, we determined whether the neural systems associated with the valuation of supraliminally presented faces are involved in the valuation of subliminally presented faces. The subjects were supraliminally and subliminally presented with faces during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Following fMRI, the subjects were presented with pairs of faces and were asked to choose which face they preferred. We analyzed brain activation by back-sorting the fMRI data according to the subjects' choices. The present study yielded two main findings. First, the ventral striatum and the ventromedial prefrontal cortex predict preferences only for supraliminally presented faces. Second, the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex may predict preferences for subliminally presented faces. These findings indicate that neural correlates of the preference-related valuation of faces are dissociable, contingent upon whether the subjects consciously perceive the faces. Hum Brain Mapp 36:2865–2877, 2015.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2865-2877
Number of pages13
JournalHuman Brain Mapping
Volume36
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • dorsomedial prefrontal cortex
  • preference
  • subliminal
  • value
  • ventral striatum
  • ventromedial prefrontal cortex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Distinct neural correlates of the preference-related valuation of supraliminally and subliminally presented faces'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this