Distinct clinicopathological phenotype of hepatocellular carcinoma with ethoxybenzyl-magnetic resonance imaging hyperintensity: Association with gene expression signature

Tomoya Miura, Daisuke Ban, Shinji Tanaka, Kaoru Mogushi, Atsushi Kudo, Satoshi Matsumura, Yusuke Mitsunori, Takanori Ochiai, Hiroshi Tanaka, Minoru Tanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Although hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is mostly a lower intensity lesion in the hepatobiliary phase on gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging, some HCCs were shown as a higher intensity lesion (high HCC). This study aimed to reveal the clinicopathological and biological properties of high HCC. Methods Patients who underwent curative hepatectomy as the first treatment for HCC were included. HCC was defined as high HCC if the ratio between the signal intensity of the HCC and the background liver was greater than or equal to 1.0. We retrospectively performed clinicopathological and global gene expression analyses. Results Of the 77 patients, 14 had high HCC. Serum protein induced by Vitamin K absence or antagonist II levels in high HCC were lower, and the high HCCs were well differentiated. The 3-year disease-free survival rates in high HCC and low HCC patients were 90% and 54%, respectively (P =.035). Overall survival did not differ significantly. Global gene expression analysis revealed that SLCO1B3 was upregulated in high HCC. Conclusions Clinicopathological analysis revealed low-grade malignancy in high HCCs compared with low HCCs. The expression of SLCO1B3 was key to the hyperintensity in the hepatobiliary phase of ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid magnetic resonance imaging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-569
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Volume210
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • EOB-MRI
  • Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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