Disruption of CD40/CD40 ligand interaction with cleavage of CD40 on human gingival fibroblasts by human leukocyte elastase resulting in down-regulation of chemokine production

Eiji Nemoto, Hiroyuki Tada, Hidetoshi Shimauchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CD40 is a crucial element in the process of fibroblast activation. We demonstrated that treatment of human gingival fibroblast (HGF) with human leukocyte elastase (HLE), a neutrophil serine protease, down-regulated the expression of CD40 and binding to the CD40 ligand (CD40L) using flow cytometry. The other neutrophil serine proteases, cathepsin G and proteinase 3, exhibited markedly less activity for CD40 reduction. The CD40 reduction by HLE was also observed in skin and lung fibroblasts, but not in monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells. The reduction resulted from direct proteolysis by HLE on the cell surface, because HLE reduced CD40 on fixed HGF and also on cell lysates and membranes. HLE treatment of HGF decreases interleukin (IL)-8 and macrophage chemoattractant protein-1 production by HGF when stimulated by CD40L, but not by IL-1α, suggesting that HLE inhibited a CD40-dependent cell activation. These results suggest that HLE possesses an anti-inflammatory effect for the HGF-mediated inflammatory process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)538-545
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Volume72
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Cell surface molecules
  • Inflammation
  • Neutrophils
  • Periodontitis
  • Serine protease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Cell Biology

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