Disk structure around the Class I protostar L1489 IRS revealed by ALMA: A warped disk system

Jinshi Sai, Nagayoshi Ohashi, Kazuya Saigo, Tomoaki Matsumoto, Yusuke Aso, Shigehisa Takakuwa, Yuri Aikawa, Ippei Kurose, Hsi Wei Yen, Kohji Tomisaka, Kengo Tomida, Masahiro N. Machida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We have observed the Class I protostar L1489 IRS with the Atacama Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) in Band 6. The C18O J =2–1 line emission shows flattened and non-axisymmetric structures in the same direction as its velocity gradient due to rotation. We discovered that the C18O emission shows dips at a radius of ∼200–300 au while the 1.3 mm continuum emission extends smoothly up to r ∼ 400 au. At the radius of the C18O dips, the rotational axis of the outer portion appears to be tilted by ∼15from that of the inner component. Both the inner and outer components with respect to the C18O dips exhibit the r−0.5 Keplerian rotation profiles until r ∼ 600 au. These results not only indicate that a Keplerian disk extends up to ∼600 au but also that the disk is warped. We constructed a three dimensional warped disk model rotating at the Keplerian velocity, and demonstrated that the warped disk model reproduces main observed features in the velocity channel maps and the PV diagrams. Such a warped disk system can form by mass accretion from a misaligned envelope. We also discuss a possible disk evolution scenario based on comparisons of disk radii and masses between Class I and Class II sources.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUnknown Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 16


  • Circumstellar matter
  • Stars: individual (L1489 IRS)
  • Stars: low-mass
  • Stars: protostars

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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