The critical molecular structure change from columnar to lamellar mesophases in bis(diphenylglyoximato)nickel(II)-based complexes has been investigated. When the number of the long chains surrounding the core complex part was reduced from eight to four, the mesophase changes its structure from columnar Colhd to novel disk-like lamellar DL.rec(P2121). When the length of the four chains at the p-positions was fixed and the remaining four chains at m-positions were gradually made shorter, each of the complexes shows a columnar Colho mesophase. Surprisingly, even when the substituents at m-positions are methoxy or methyl groups, a columnar Colho mesophase is still observed. When the substituents at m-positions were OH groups, another novel disk-like lamellar OL.rec(P211) mesophase is observed. Hence, it can be shown that the critical molecular structure change from the columnar to lamellar mesophase occurs between methoxy and hydroxy groups at the m-position. In both of the two novel DL.rec mesophases in the present study, the core complex parts are parallel to the layers and the long chains are normal to both the layers and the core complex planes. Such a unique mesophase structure has not been previously observed. The synthesis of these complexes and the temperature-dependent X-ray structural analyses of the unique mesophases are reported.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Chemistry