We calculate the temperature dependence of the first and second sound velocities in the superfluid phase of a 2D dilute Bose gas by solving Landau's two fluid hydrodynamic equations. We predict the occurrence of a significant discontinuity in both velocities at the critical temperature, as a consequence of the jump of the superfluid density characterizing the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz- Thouless transition. The key role of the thermal expansion coefficient is discussed. We find that second sound in this dilute Bose gas can be easily excited through a density perturbation, thereby, making the perspective of the measurement of the superfluid density particularly favorable.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)