Discharge Destination of Dementia Patients Who Undergo Intermediate Care at a Facility

Miharu Nakanishi, Yumi Shindo, Junko Niimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Intermediate care for patients with dementia has important implications for aging in place as long as possible. In Japan, geriatric intermediate care facilities provide institutional rehabilitation services to patients under the public Long-Term Care Insurance program and aim to discharge the patients to home from the hospital. The aim of this study was to determine the association between dementia and discharge destination of patients in geriatric intermediate care facilities in Japan. Design: This study was conducted using a retrospective study design for data from 2007, 2010, and 2013. Setting: We used data from the Survey of Institutions and Establishments for Long-Term Care, which is a nationally representative cross-sectional survey that assessed discharges from geriatric intermediate care facilities in September. Participants: There were 9992 discharged patients included in the analysis. Measurements: Discharge destination was categorized as home, facility, hospital, or death. Primary disease was based on ICD-10 codes. Diagnosis of dementia included F00 (Alzheimer), F01 (vascular), F02 (other), and F03 (unspecified). Multilevel multinomial logistic analysis was used for discharge destination, with discharge to home as the reference group. Results: Of the 9992 discharged patients, 2483 (24.8%) had dementia as the primary disease. Of the 2483 patients with dementia, 1090 (43.9%) were hospitalized, 624 (25.1%) were admitted to another facility, 605 (24.4%) were discharged to home, and 164 (6.6%) were discharged by death. Patients with dementia were more likely to be admitted to hospital (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.47; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.25-1.73; P <.001), transferred to another facility (adjusted OR 1.94; 95% CI 1.64-2.29; P <.001), or discharged by death (adjusted OR, 1.46; 95% CI 1.13-1.89; P =.004) than discharged to home. Conclusion: Intermediate care in residential settings might have limited effectiveness in discharging patients with dementia to home. The national dementia plan should explore intermediate care for dementia at other care settings rather than facilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92.e1-92.e7
JournalJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dementia
  • Frail elderly
  • Geriatrics
  • Intermediate care
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Health Policy
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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