Disasters are widely recognized as causing major public health problems (Limpakarnjanarat and Ofrin, 2009; Noji, 2005) and are responsible for morbidity, sudden and otherwise, among individuals. For example, approximately 280,000 people in Asian countries died following the severe earthquake and tsunami in Indonesia in December 2004 (Kohl, O'Rourke, Schmidman, Dopkin, and Birnbaum, 2005). In January 2010, 222,570 people died following the Haiti earthquake, while 72,210 deaths resulted from the summer heat wave in Western Europe in 2003 (Knight, 2011). Worldwide, there were 406 natural disasters and 234 technological disasters in 2010, which caused 297,752 and 6,724 deaths, respectively (Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, 2012).
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