Disaster robotics

Robin R. Murphy, Satoshi Tadokoro, Alexander Kleiner

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rescue robots have been used in at least 28 disasters in six countries since the first deployment to the 9/11 World Trade Center collapse. All types of robots have been used (land, sea, and aerial) and for all phases of a disaster (prevention, response, and recovery). This chapter will cover the basic characteristics of disasters and their impact on robotic design, and describe the robots actually used in disasters to date, with a special focus on Fukushima Daiichi, which is providing a rich proving ground for robotics. The chapter covers promising robot designs (e.g., snakes, legged locomotion) and concepts (e.g., robot teams or swarms, sensor networks), as well as progress and open issues in autonomy. The methods of evaluation in benchmarks for rescue robotics are discussed and the chapter concludes with a discussion of the fundamental problems and open issues facing rescue robotics, and their evolution from an interesting idea to widespread adoption.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpringer Handbook of Robotics
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages1577-1604
Number of pages28
ISBN (Electronic)9783319325521
ISBN (Print)9783319325507
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Autonomous underwater vehicle
  • Situation awareness
  • Snake robot
  • Unmanned aerial vehicle
  • World trade center

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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