Magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) have attracted attention for their potential use in electronic devices and nano-bioengineering applications. Fe NPs made by thermal decomposition from an Fe(CO)x-Oleylamine (OlAm) reacted precursor show high saturation magnetization (M s) (~140 emu/g net at 300 K). However, the M s never reaches to the bulk value (218 emu/g at 300 K) of iron due to the unique crystalline structure of the Fe NPs. Fe NPs coated with OlAm (OlAm-Fe NP) have an expanded α(b.c.c.) structure and ultra-fine grains. In this paper, we focus on the adsorption ability of the surfactant to improve M s via control of phase and grain size. Fe NPs with high saturation magnetization were synthesized by thermal decomposition of Fe(CO) 5 with some surfactants that had weak absorption ability, such as tribenzylamine, trioctylamine, and their mixture. Slow decomposition rate of Fe(CO) 5 and large grain size were obtained by applying surfactants with weak adsorption ability. Especially, Fe NPs that were synthesized by mixed surfactants (mixed surfactant-Fe NPs) have polygonal shape with 6.7 nm in diameter. HRTEM and XRD results suggest that mixed surfactant-Fe NPs are single crystallines of α-Fe. M s of mixed surfactant-Fe NPs is 194 and 183 emu/g net at 5 K and 300 K, respectively. These results strongly indicate that single crystallization of α-Fe enhances the M s of Fe NPs and also suggest that optimization of the surfactant adsorption ability is indispensable to promote the single crystallization of Fe NPs.
- Direct synthesis
- Magnetic particles
- Nanoparticles (NPs)
- Weak adsorption ability
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering