We report the first direct measurement of the hyperfine transition of the ground state positronium. The hyperfine structure between ortho-positronium and para-positronium is about 203 GHz. We develop a new optical system to accumulate about 10kW power using a gyrotron, a mode converter, and a Fabry-Pérot cavity. The hyperfine transition has been observed with a significance of 5.4 standard deviations. The transition probability is measured to be A=3.1-1.2+1.6×10 -8s -1 for the first time, which is in good agreement with the theoretical value of 3.37×10 -8s -1.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)