Direct observation of the cleavage plane of sapphire by in-situ indentation TEM

Takeo Sasaki, Naoya Shibata, Katsuyuki Matsunaga, Takahisa Yamamoto, Yuichi Ikuhara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


TEM in-situ indentation experiments were applied to directly observe the atomic structures on the cleavage planes of sapphire, and the structures were determined by HRTEM image simulation. It was found that cracks mainly propagate along the low index planes of sapphire, forming the atomic scale steps on the cleavage planes, and the atomic structures are dependent on the crystal orientation. In addition, the surface structures of the cleavage planes were found to be reconstructed in the vicinity of the respective surfaces. For the (112̄0) cleavage plane, the surface is composed of AlOAl cluster to form the complicated and metastable Al rich surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)473-477
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Issue number1407
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Nov
Externally publishedYes


  • Cleavage plane
  • In-situ TEM
  • Indentation
  • Sapphire
  • Surface reconstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


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