Direct observation of rupture propagation during the 2011 off the pacific coast of tohoku earthquake (Mw 9.0) using a small seismic array

Hisashi Nakahara, Haruo Sato, Takeshi Nishimura, Hiroyuki Fujiwara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A great earthquake of Mw 9.0 occurred on March 11, 2011 off the coast of Tohoku region, Northeast Honshu, Japan. Strong ground motions from the earthquake were recorded at 4 stations of a small seismic array, with an aperture of about 500 m, located 120 km away from the epicenter. Peak ground acceleration exceed the full scale of 2g on the horizontal components, and was larger than 1g even on the vertical component. Two prominent bursts and at least two following smaller bursts are identified on the strong-motion records which lasted for longer than 200 s. We have performed semblance analysis to estimate the rupture propagation during the earthquake using coherent seismograms at frequencies of 0.5-2 Hz. The rupture seems to consist of at least four stages. Rupture propagated in a northerly direction in the beginning 50 s forming the first burst, then proceeded to the southwest from the epicenter in the next 50 s during the second burst. The rupture further extended southwests in the following 40 s, and finally migrated to the south for about 30 s. A small seismic array makes it possible to observe rupture propagation during a large earthquake even with a small number of stations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)589-594
Number of pages6
Journalearth, planets and space
Volume63
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Array
  • Rupture propagation
  • Semblance
  • The 2011 off the pacific coast of tohoku earthquake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Space and Planetary Science

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