Electron charge density distributions in layered ferroelectrics Bi4 Ti3 O12 (BiT) and Bi3.25 La0.75 Ti3 O12 (BLT) are investigated by analyzing high-energy synchrotron-radiation powder diffraction data using the maximum entropy method/Rietveld method. BiT shows that chemical bonding resulting from orbital hybridization is established between Bi-O in the perovskite layer only along the a axis, whereas BLT exhibits isotropic chemical bonding of BiLa-O with a high electron density both along the a and b axes. High endurance to polarization fatigue reported for BLT films is suggested to originate from the stabilization of oxygen in the perovskite layer due to the isotropic chemical bonding of BiLa-O.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)