Direct observation of ferromagnetism in grain boundary phase of Nd-Fe-B sintered magnet using soft x-ray magnetic circular dichroism

T. Nakamura, A. Yasui, Y. Kotani, T. Fukagawa, T. Nishiuchi, H. Iwai, T. Akiya, T. Ohkubo, Y. Gohda, K. Hono, S. Hirosawa

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Abstract

We have investigated the magnetism of the grain boundary (GB) phase in a Nd14.0Fe79.7Cu0.1B6.2 sintered magnet using soft x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) at the Fe L2,3-edges. Soft XMCD spectra were measured from the fractured surface that was confirmed to be covered with a thin GB phase by Auger electron spectroscopy. The magnetic moment of Fe in the GB phase was estimated to be mGB = 1:4 μB at 30°C using the sum rule analysis for XMCD spectra, which is 60% of that of Fe in the Nd2Fe14B compound. The temperature dependence of mGB evaluated with reference to Fe in the Nd2Fe14B phase indicated that the Curie temperature of the GB phase is more than 50°C lower compared to that of Nd2Fe14B.

Original languageEnglish
Article number202404
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume105
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov 17
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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