Direct numerical simulations for non-equilibrium superconducting dynamics and related neutron detection in MgB2

Masahiko Machida, Tomio Koyama, Masaru Kato, Takekazu Ishida

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

After the discovery of an alloy superconductor MgB2, a quite unique application using MgB2 has been suggested by Ishida et al. in terms of neutron detection. It is based on an intuitive idea that an energy released by the nuclear reaction between a neutron and 10B leads to an instantaneous destruction of the superconducting state and the moment is observable by the voltage jump under the current application. In this paper, we investigate how the nucleated normal region enlarges inside the superconductor with the heat diffusion and shrinks with quenching from the heat bath attached at the surface by performing direct numerical simulations for the time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau (TDGL) equation coupled with the Maxwell and the heat diffusion equations. We also measure how the superconducting current carrying states electromagnetically respond to the non-equilibrium dynamics in order to explore a condition in which the neutron detection is possible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-173
Number of pages5
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
Volume426-431
Issue numberI
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Oct 1
EventProceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Superconductivity (ISS 2004) Advances in Supeconductivity -
Duration: 2004 Nov 232004 Nov 25

Keywords

  • Heat diffusion
  • MgB
  • Nuclear reaction
  • Time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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