As an antitumor agent, interleukin-12 (IL-12) has been revealed to be a key regulator of the immune response, particularly that involving CTL and natural killer (NK) cells. We report herein the antiangiogenesis effect of IL-12 on human as well as murine tumors in NK-depleted severe-combined immunodeficient mice using fibroblasts genetically engineered to secrete this cytokine. Although the in vitro growth of tumor cells was not affected by the presence of IL-12, coinoculation of IL-12-secreting fibroblasts strongly inhibited tumor growth in immunodeficient mice. The neovascularization surrounding the tumor was remarkably inhibited in the area in which the IL- 12-secreting fibroblasts were implanted, resulting in the suppression of tumor growth. Lectin staining in tumor sample sections also showed a significant reduction in the number of vessels. The RNA expression of IFN-γ and its inducible antiangiogenic chemokine IFN γ-inducible protein 10 was stimulated in endothelial cells cultured with IL-12. It was also found that IL-12 down-regulated the expression of the endothelial cell mitogens vascular endothelial growth factor and basic fibroblast growth factor. The antitumor effects of IL-12 were accompanied by interesting histological changes consisting of a high degree of keratinization and apoptosis and a decrease in the proliferation rate of human tumors and extensive necrosis in the murine ones.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2000 Feb 15|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research