Direct Imaging of Valence-Sensitive X-Ray Fluorescence Holograms of Fe3O4

Artoni Kevin R. Ang, Tomohiro Matsushita, Yusuke Hashimoto, Naohisa Happo, Yuta Yamamoto, Masaki Mizuguchi, Ayana Sato-Tomita, Naoya Shibayama, Yuji C. Sasaki, Koji Kimura, Munetaka Taguchi, Hiroshi Daimon, Kouichi Hayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


X-ray fluorescence holography (XFH) is typically performed using zero-dimensional detectors. This makes data acquisition in synchrotron facilities time consuming. Here, we report the first direct imaging of the X-ray fluorescence hologram of a Fe3O4 sample using a 2D hybrid detector. The apparatus, data acquisition and data processing are described here. The recorded Fe Kα hologram agreed well with simulations, and the atomic images reconstructed using the SPEA-L1 algorithm showed agreement with the expected Fe and O positions. Furthermore, by tuning the incident X-ray energy, fluorescence from the Fe3+ cations can be suppressed, allowing the imaging of Fe Kα holograms from Fe2.5+ cations. The valence-sensitivity of the holograms was confirmed by the appearance of different sets of Kossel lines in the hologram, and in the atomic reconstructions. Reconstructions from the holograms from Fe2.5+ cations show that these emitters are located on octahedral sites, and the reconstruction from the Fe3+ holograms shows emitters on the tetrahedral sites. These results demonstrate that the new 2D hybrid detector-based apparatus is a good XFH alternative that can be used to clarify structures of multi-valence materials. Further applications to radiation-damage sensitive samples, and even time-resolved XFH experiments can also be achieved using this new XFH apparatus.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1800100
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (B) Basic Research
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov


  • X-ray fluorescence holography
  • atomic resolution holography
  • valence selectivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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