Chronic inhibition of NO synthesis induces cardiac hypertrophy independent of systemic blood pressure (SBP) by increasing protein synthesis in vivo. We examined whether ACE inhibitors (ACEIs) enalapril and temocapril and angiotensin II type-I receptor antagonists (angiotensin receptor blockers [ARBs]) losartan and CS-866 can block cardiac hypertrophy and whether changes in activation of 70-kDa S6 kinase (p70S6K) or extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) are involved. The following 13 groups were studied: untreated Wistar-Kyoto rats and rats treated with NO synthase inhibitor Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), D-NAME (the inactive isomer of L-NAME), L-NAME plus hydralazine, L-NAME plus enalapril (3 mg · kg-1 · d-1) or temocapril (1 or 10 mg · kg-1 · d-1), L-NAME plus losartan (10 mg · kg-1 · d-1) or CS-866 (1 or 10 mg · kg-1 · d-1), L-NAME plus temocapril-CS866 in combination (1 or 10 mg · kg-1 · d-1), and L-NAME plus rapamycin (0.5 mg · kg-1 · d-1). After 8 weeks of each experiment, ratios of coronary wall to lumen (wall/lumen) and left ventricular weight to body weight (LVW/BW) were quantified. L-NAME increased SBP, wall/lumen, and LVW/BW compared with that of control. ACEIs, ARBs, and hydralazine equally canceled the increase in SBP induced by L-NAME. However, ACEIs and ARBs equally (but not hydralazine) attenuated increase in wall/lumen and LVW/BW induced by L-NAME. The L-NAME group showed both p70S6K and ERK activation in myocardium (2.2-fold and 1.8-fold versus control, respectively). ACEIs inactivated p70S6K and ARBs inactivated ERK in myocardium, but hydralazine did not change activation of either kinase. Thus, ACEIs and ARBs modulate different intracellular signaling pathways, inhibiting p70S6K or ERK, respectively, to elicit equal reduction of cardiac hypertrophy induced by chronic inhibition of NO synthesis in vivo.
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor
- Receptors, angiotensin
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine