Differential subcellular actions of ACE inhibitors and AT1 receptor antagonists on cardiac remodeling induced by chronic inhibition of NO synthesis in rats

Shoji Sanada, Masafumi Kitakaze, Koichi Node, Seiji Takashima, Akiko Ogai, Hiroshi Asanuma, Yasuhiko Sakata, Masanori Asakura, Hisakazu Ogita, Yulin Liao, Tomi Fukushima, Junko Yamada, Tetsuo Minamino, Tsunehiko Kuzuya, Masatsugu Hori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chronic inhibition of NO synthesis induces cardiac hypertrophy independent of systemic blood pressure (SBP) by increasing protein synthesis in vivo. We examined whether ACE inhibitors (ACEIs) enalapril and temocapril and angiotensin II type-I receptor antagonists (angiotensin receptor blockers [ARBs]) losartan and CS-866 can block cardiac hypertrophy and whether changes in activation of 70-kDa S6 kinase (p70S6K) or extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) are involved. The following 13 groups were studied: untreated Wistar-Kyoto rats and rats treated with NO synthase inhibitor Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), D-NAME (the inactive isomer of L-NAME), L-NAME plus hydralazine, L-NAME plus enalapril (3 mg · kg-1 · d-1) or temocapril (1 or 10 mg · kg-1 · d-1), L-NAME plus losartan (10 mg · kg-1 · d-1) or CS-866 (1 or 10 mg · kg-1 · d-1), L-NAME plus temocapril-CS866 in combination (1 or 10 mg · kg-1 · d-1), and L-NAME plus rapamycin (0.5 mg · kg-1 · d-1). After 8 weeks of each experiment, ratios of coronary wall to lumen (wall/lumen) and left ventricular weight to body weight (LVW/BW) were quantified. L-NAME increased SBP, wall/lumen, and LVW/BW compared with that of control. ACEIs, ARBs, and hydralazine equally canceled the increase in SBP induced by L-NAME. However, ACEIs and ARBs equally (but not hydralazine) attenuated increase in wall/lumen and LVW/BW induced by L-NAME. The L-NAME group showed both p70S6K and ERK activation in myocardium (2.2-fold and 1.8-fold versus control, respectively). ACEIs inactivated p70S6K and ARBs inactivated ERK in myocardium, but hydralazine did not change activation of either kinase. Thus, ACEIs and ARBs modulate different intracellular signaling pathways, inhibiting p70S6K or ERK, respectively, to elicit equal reduction of cardiac hypertrophy induced by chronic inhibition of NO synthesis in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)404-411
Number of pages8
JournalHypertension
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor
  • Kinase
  • Receptors, angiotensin
  • Remodeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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