Differential antitumor effects of administration of recombinant IL-18 or recombinant IL-12 are mediated primarily by Fas-Fas ligand- and perforin- induced tumor apoptosis, respectively

Wataru Hashimoto, Tadashi Osaki, Haruki Okamura, Paul D. Robbins, Masashi Kurimoto, Shigekazu Nagata, Michael T. Lotze, Hideaki Tahara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

169 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Systemic administration of rH-18 protein to mice significantly suppresses the growth of murine tumor cell lines. The antitumor effect of IL- 18 appears to be primarily mediated by asialo GM1+ cells. Since IL-18 enhances Fas ligand (FasL) expression on NK cell lines, the IL-18 antitumor effects could be mediated by FasL-induced cross-linking of Fas and subsequent tumor apoptosis. To address this question, rIL-18 or rIL-12 was administered to animals bearing the CL8-1 melanoma inoculated intradermally into wild type (wt), lymphoproliferation gene (lpr) (Fas deficient), or generalized lymphoproliferative disease gene (gld) (FasL deficient) mice. Although rIL- 12 treatment retained significant antitumor effects in gld and lpr mice, those of rIL-18 administration were completely abrogated in gld but not lpr or wt mice. In vitro cytotoxicity was significantly enhanced against NK- sensitive YAC-1 cells and CL8-1 cells by rIL-18 administration to wt mice, but not to gld mice. Furthermore, rIL-18 administration augmented the cytotoxicity of liver lymphocytes harvested from perforin-deficient mice, whereas rIL-12 administration did not. Consistent with the role of this pathway, rIL-18 administration also up-regulates the expression of FasL mRNA in splenocytes. Lysis of CL8-1 cells induced by anti-Fas agonistic Ab was enhanced about 1.4-fold by IFN-γ, a cytokine that is induced by IL-18 in vitro and in vivo. We conclude that the antitumor effect of IL-18 is exerted predominantly through a Fas-dependent pathway. The perforin pathway, however, appears to be the predominant cytolytic pathway mediating IL-12 antitumor effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)583-589
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume163
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Jul 15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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