Differential activation of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex between male and female givers of social reputation

Iori Kawasaki, Ayahito Ito, Toshikatsu Fujii, Aya Ueno, Kazuki Yoshida, Shinya Sakai, Shunji Mugikura, Shoki Takahashi, Etsuro Mori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Accumulating evidence has shown the profound influence of social reputation on human behavior and has implicated the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) in representing subjective values induced by social interaction. However, little is known regarding how the vmPFC encodes subjective pleasantness induced by social reputation received from others. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate how the vmPFC in males and females encodes the subjective pleasantness of social reputation received from the same gender and from the opposite gender. Behavioral data showed that positive reputation was perceived to be more pleasant than negative reputation. Intriguingly, both male and female subjects showed greater differences in the pleasantness scores between the positive reputation condition and the negative reputation condition from females than between positive and negative reputations from males. Imaging data revealed that the left vmPFC specifically contributed to the processing of positive reputation. The activity patterns of the vmPFC corresponded to the gender differences in behavior during the processing of social reputation. These results indicate that the vmPFC plays a role in representing the subjective value of positive social reputation and that this region might be a final computational site in a stream of value-based decision-making processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-33
Number of pages7
JournalNeuroscience Research
Volume103
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Feb 1

Keywords

  • FMRI
  • Gender differences
  • Pleasantness
  • Social reputation
  • Ventromedial prefrontal cortex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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