Different sets of ER-resident J-proteins regulate distinct polar nuclear-membrane fusion events in Arabidopsis Thaliana

Daisuke Maruyama, Masaya Yamamoto, Toshiya Endo, Shuh Ichi Nishikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Angiosperm female gametophytes contain a central cell with two polar nuclei. In many species, including Arabidopsis thaliana, the polar nuclei fuse during female gametogenesis. We previously showed that BiP, an Hsp70 in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), was essential for membrane fusion during female gametogenesis. Hsp70 function requires partner proteins for full activity. J-domain containing proteins (J-proteins) are the major Hsp70 functional partners. A. thaliana ER contains three soluble J-proteins, AtERdj3A, AtERdj3B, and AtP58IPK. Here, we analyzed mutants of these proteins and determined that double-mutant ovules lacking AtP58IPK and AtERdj3A or AtERdj3B were defective in polar nuclear fusion. Electron microscopy analysis identified that polar nuclei were in close contact, but no membrane fusion occurred in mutant ovules lacking AtP58IPK and AtERdj3A. The polar nuclear outer membrane appeared to be connected via the ER remaining at the inner unfused membrane in mutant ovules lacking AtP58IPK and AtERdj3B. These results indicate that ER-resident J-proteins, AtP58IPK/AtERdj3A and AtP58IPK/AtERdj3B, function at distinct steps of polar nuclear-membrane fusion. Similar to the bip1 bip2 double mutant female gametophytes, the aterdj3a atp58ipk double mutant female gametophytes defective in fusion of the outer polar nuclear membrane displayed aberrant endosperm proliferation after fertilization with wild-type pollen. However, endosperm proliferated normally after fertilization of the aterdj3b atp58ipk double mutant female gametophytes defective in fusion of the inner membrane. Our results indicate that the polar nuclear fusion defect itself does not cause an endosperm proliferation defect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1937-1944
Number of pages8
JournalPlant and Cell Physiology
Volume55
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jun 27

Keywords

  • Arabidopsis thaliana
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Female gametogenesis
  • Molecular chaperone
  • Nuclear fusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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