Different expression of E-cadherin by two cutaneous γ/δ TcR+ T-cell subsets, Vγ5- and Vγ5+ γ/δ TcR+ T cells

S. Aiba, S. Nakagawa, H. Ozawa, H. Tagami

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently we have demonstrated that, besides Vγ5+ γ/δ TcR+ T cells (Vγ5+ γ/δ T cells), Vγ5- γ/δ TcR+ T cells (Vγ5- γ/δ T cells) are also present in murine skin. In the present study, to characterize the functional differences between these two different cutaneous γ/δ T cells we examined the expression pattern of E-cadherin and its two integrins. After co-culturing of Ly-5+ epidermal cells and migrating cells from organ-cultured murine skin with cutaneous stromal cells, we could expand Vγ5+ γ/δ T cells and Vγ5- γ/δ T cells, respectively. Flow cytometry demonstrated that cultured Vγ5+ γ/δ T cells expressed E-cadherin, but Vγ5- γ/δ T cells did not. This difference in E-cadherin expression was also observed in freshly isolated Vγ5+ and Vγ5- γ/δ T cells. On the other hand, both Vγ5+ and Vγ5- γ/δ T cells expressed the α chain of the vitronectin receptor, but did not express the α4 integrin. Of these two cutaneous γ/δ T cells, only Vγ5+ γ/δ T cells adhered to murine keratinocyte cell line, PAM 212 cells. Unexpectedly, however, the adhesion of E-cadherin-expressing Vγ5+ γ/δ T cells to PAM 212 cells was not inhibited by anti-E-cadherin antibody, which effectively abrogated the adhesion of Langerhans cells to PAM 212 cells. These distinct phenotypic and functional characteristics in the subsets of cutaneous γ/δ T cells may suggest that they reside in different locations in the skin to play different functional roles in skin immunophysiology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-382
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Volume105
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology
  • Cell Biology

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