Sensorimotor association is an essential aspect of behavior. The dorsal part of the premotor cortex (PMd) is known to have an important role in sensorimotor association. Although it is suggested that the partially segregated groups of neurons are involved in sensorimotor association in different sensory modalities, it is not yet clear whether these groups occupy the PMd to the same or different extent. Therefore, we performed a functional magnetic resonance imaging study to compare activated regions in the PMd during simple reaction-time tasks with visual and auditory cues. Eight normal volunteers performed two simple reaction time tasks with a conventional on-off design; one is with a visual cue and the other is with an auditory cue. In both tasks, two regions in the left primary motor area (M1) (4a and 4p) and the bilateral PMd were activated. The two activated regions in the left M1 occupied the same areas in both the visual and the auditory tasks. However, in the PMd, the activated regions were situate medially during the visual task and laterally during the auditory task, along the precentral sulci. There was no overlap of significantly activated regions between two tasks, and areas specifically activated during the visual task were observed in the middle of the precentral sulci, bilaterally. The results suggest that the distribution of PMd subregions involved in sensorimotor association differ when the sensory cues are in different modalities.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cognitive Neuroscience