Different characteristics of postoperative atrial tachyarrhythmias between congenital and non-congenital heart disease

Masateru Kondo, Koji Fukuda, Yuji Wakayama, Makoto Nakano, Yuhi Hasebe, Hiroyuki Satake, Masato Segawa, Michinori Hirano, Hiroaki Shimokawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Purpose: The chance of encountering tachyarrhythmias has been increasing in adult congenital heart disease (CHD) patients with previous open-heart surgery, along with the improvement of their longevity. However, the characteristics of these arrhythmias remain to be elucidated. Methods: We examined the characteristics of atrial tachyarrhythmias (ATs) in 26 consecutive CHD patients (M/F 17/9) referred for catheter ablation and compared them with 16 non-CHD patients with cardiac surgery (M/F 11/5). Results: The CHD group was younger and had a longer period from cardiac surgery until the occurrence of ATs compared with the non-CHD group (44.8 ± 19.5 vs. 67.6 ± 12.5 years old, and 23.3 ± 13.2 vs. 6.3 ± 4.9 years, respectively, both P < 0.05). Multiple ATs were equally induced in both groups, 12 in CHD (46.1%) and 5 in non-CHD (31.3%). Although the prevalence of macro-reentrant ATs (cavo-tricuspid isthmus-dependent atrial flutter (AFL) or intra-atrial reentrant tachycardia (IART)) was comparable, the mechanisms were different between the 2 groups (AFL and IART), 34% and 27% in CHD and 71% and 24% in non-CHD, respectively. Furthermore, focal AT (FAT) was noted in 9 patients (34.6%) in CHD but none in non-CHD (P < 0.05). Electroanatomical mapping showed that the surface area and low-voltage area (LVA) of the right atrium were significantly larger in CHD than in non-CHD (197.1 ± 56.4 vs. 132.4 ± 41.2 cm2, and 40.8 ± 33.3 vs. 13.6 ± 9.0 cm2, respectively, both P < 0.05). Ten out of 14 FATs (71.4%) were highly associated with LVA, especially near the crista terminalis. Conclusions: The development of ATs in CHD patients could be associated with large atrial remodeling, resulting in complicated ATs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun 1


  • Atrial tachyarrythmias
  • Catheter ablation
  • Congenital heart disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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