Differences in temporal frequency tuning between the two binocular mechanisms for seeing motion in depth

Satoshi Shioiri, Tomohiko Nakajima, Daisuke Kakehi, Hirohisa Yaguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


There are two types of binocular cues available for perception of motion in depth. One is the binocular disparity change in time and the other is the velocity difference between the left and the right retinal images (interocular velocity differences). We measured the luminance contrast threshold for seeing motion in depth while isolating either of the cues at various temporal modulations of velocity in the stimulus. To isolate disparity cues, dynamic random-dot stereograms were used (the disparity condition) while binocularly uncorrelated random-dot kinematograms were used to isolate velocity cues (the velocity condition). Results showed that sensitivity peaked at a temporal frequency (∼1 cps) in the velocity condition while the peak in the disparity condition was at the lowest frequency (0.35 cps) or at least at a frequency lower than that in the velocity condition. This suggests that the visual system has different temporal frequency properties for the velocity and disparity cues for motion in depth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1574-1585
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, and Vision
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jul

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition


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