Difference in the spatial distribution between H2O and CO 2 ICES in M 82 found with AKARI

Mitsuyoshi Yamagishi, Hidehiro Kaneda, Daisuke Ishihara, Shinki Oyabu, Takashi Onaka, Takashi Shimonishi, Toyoaki Suzuki, Young Chol Minh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


With AKARI, we obtain the spatially resolved near-infrared (NIR) (2.5-5.0 μm) spectra for the nearby starburst galaxy M 82. These spectra clearly show absorption features due to interstellar ices. Based on the spectra, we created the column density maps of H2O and CO2 ices. As a result, we find that the spatial distribution of H2O ice is significantly different from that of CO2 ice; H2O ice is widely distributed, while CO2 ice is concentrated near the galactic center. Our result reveals for the first time variations in CO2/H 2O ice abundance ratio on a galactic scale, suggesting that an ice-forming interstellar environment changes within a galaxy. We discuss the cause of the spatial variations in the ice abundance ratio, utilizing spectral information on the hydrogen recombination Brα and Brβ lines and the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon 3.3 μm emission appearing in the AKARI NIR spectra.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL37
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Aug 20


  • ISM: molecules
  • galaxies: ISM
  • galaxies: individual (M 82)
  • infrared: galaxies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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