Difference in lifetime medical expenditures between male smokers and non-smokers

Kenshi Hayashida, Yuichi Imanaka, Genki Murakami, Yuko Takahashi, Masato Nagai, Shinichi Kuriyama, Ichiro Tsuji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: It is controversial whether smokers have higher lifetime medical expenditures than non-smokers, because smokers have high annual medical expenditures but comparatively short lives. We examined differences in lifetime medical expenditures between them. Methods: We constructed life tables for male smokers and non-smokers from 40 years of age. We calculated average annual medical expenditures of them categorized by survivors and deceased, which were used to examine differences in lifetime medical expenditures between them and perform sensitivity analyses. Results: Smokers had a higher mortality rate, shorter life expectancy, and generally higher annual medical expenditures than non-smokers. We also observed tendencies for smokers to have higher inpatient expenditures, but non-smokers to have higher outpatient expenditures. Although non-smokers had lower long-term cumulative medical expenditures between 64 and 81 years of age, their lifetime medical expenditures were higher by a minimal amount. Sensitivity analyses did not change this result. Conclusions: Smoking may not cause increases in lifetime medical expenditures because smokers had lower lifetime medical expenditures than non-smokers. However, it was clear that smokers, especially survivors, often had higher annual medical expenditures than non-smokers. The importance of tobacco control is still relevant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-89
Number of pages6
JournalHealth Policy
Volume94
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan

Keywords

  • Cohort study
  • Economic evaluation
  • Life table
  • Lifetime medical expenditure
  • Mortality
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Difference in lifetime medical expenditures between male smokers and non-smokers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this