Dietary soy protein isolate (SPI) and its undigested high molecular fraction (HMF) exhaustively digested with proteases, compared with casein (CAS), significantly reduced serum and liver cholesterol concentration in rats. Biliary excretion of cholesterol was significantly higher in rats fed SPI and HMF than in those fed CAS. Hepatic expression of ATP-binding cassette transporter G5 (ABCG5) and ATP-binding cassette transporter G8 (ABCG8) mRNA was significantly higher in rats fed SPI and HMF than in those fed CAS. These observations suggest that increased biliary excretion of cholesterol in SPI and HMF groups is caused by the enhanced expression of Abcg5/Abcg8.
- ATP-binding cassette transporter G5
- ATP-binding cassette transporter G8
- Soy protein isolate
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Nutrition and Dietetics