Dietary reference intakes for Japanese 2010: Lifestage

Akemi Morita, Nobuo Yoshiike, Hidemi Takimoto, Megumi Tsubota-Utsugi, Hiroko Kodama, Toshiaki Shimizu, Takashi Sugiyama, Izumi Tabata, Hiroshi Tamai, Chiharu Tsutsumi, Fumiki Hirahara, Masafumi Kuzuya, Ikuko Gomi, Kazutoshi Nakamura, Hideyo Yoshida, Mieko Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese 2010 (DRIs-J 2010) included a new chapter for lifestage. In this chapter, important characteristics of the nutritional status and the special considerations in applying for DRIs in each lifestage-infants and children, pregnant and lactating women, and the elderly-were described. In infants, the references of nutrient requirement are mostly presented by adequate intake (AI) because of the impossibility of human experiments to determine the estimated average requirement (EAR). The quality and quantity of breast milk is assumed to be nutritionally desirable for every infant. Therefore, AI was determined on the basis value obtained by nutritional concentration and average amount of breast milk consumed by healthy infants. In addition, the anthropo-metric references for 4 periods based on the 50th percentiles in growth curves were newly demonstrated. The nutrient requirement increased in the pregnant and lactating stage. Increments were estimated based on the fetal growth during whole pregnancy period in pregnant women and on the daily milk production of 780 mL/d in lactating women. In the elderly stage, the scarcity of nutritional studies regarding the Japanese elderly makes it difficult to determine the appropriate DRI values for the elderly. Furthermore, the changes in nutritional status and physical function with aging have been influenced by not only the chronological age but also various other factors, which complicates the establishment of DRIs for the elderly. In light of these facts, the promotion of further and more comprehensive studies of the elderly is desirable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S103-S109
JournalJournal of nutritional science and vitaminology
Issue numberSUPPL.
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr 30


  • Elderly
  • Infants and children
  • Lifestage
  • Pregnant and lactating women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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