Dietary patterns are associated with prevalence of fatty liver disease in adults

Q. Jia, Y. Xia, Q. Zhang, H. Wu, H. Du, L. Liu, C. Wang, H. Shi, X. Guo, X. Liu, C. Li, S. Sun, X. Wang, H. Zhao, K. Song, G. Huang, Y. Wu, N. Cui, K. Niu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)


Background/objectives:Previous studies have indicated that higher levels of food consumption are associated with fatty liver disease (FLD), but few studies have investigated the relationship between this disease and different dietary patterns. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the association between dietary patterns and FLD in adults.Subjects/methods:Dietary intakes of participants in the Tianjin were assessed via questionnaire. Factor analysis was used to identify dietary patterns, and FLD was defined as having a FLD diagnosis using liver ultrasonography. Relationships between dietary patterns and FLD were assessed using multiple logistic regression analysis.Results:Female participants in the highest quartile of high-carbohydrate/sweet pattern scores had a 2.19-fold greater risk (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.40–3.46) of developing non-alcoholic FLD (NAFLD) than those in the lowest quartile after adjusting for confounding factors. No significant differences were found between any dietary pattern and NAFLD in males. In males, a significantly increasing trend of alcoholic FLD (AFLD) prevalence was associated with increasing high-protein/cholesterol pattern scores (P for trend=0.03; odds ratio (OR), 2.08; 95% CI, 1.15–3.81) while an increased high-carbohydrate/sweet pattern score appeared protective against AFLD (P for trend=0.02; OR, 0.55; 95% CI, 0.29–1.00).Conclusions:Our study demonstrates that high-protein/cholesterol pattern scores are associated with higher prevalence of AFLD in males. We also show high-carbohydrate/sweet pattern scores are associated with higher prevalence of NAFLD in females; but, interestingly, this pattern shows a favorable effect on AFLD in males.European Journal of Clinical Nutrition advance online publication, 4 February 2015; doi:10.1038/ejcn.2014.297.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2015 Feb 4
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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