Dietary ω3 fatty acids and endothelium-dependent relaxations in porcine coronary arteries

H. Shimokawa, P. M. Vanhoutte

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94 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dietary supplementation with cod-liver oil significantly augments endothelium-dependent relaxations in porcine coronary arteries. The present study was designed to examine the effect of dietary administration of ω3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (mainly eicosapentaenoic acid, the major component of fish oil) on endothelium-dependent relaxations in porcine coronary arteries. Male Yorkshire pigs were maintained 4 wk on a regular diet with or without supplementation with purified eicosapentaenoic acid (3.5 g/day) and docosahexaenoic acid (1.5 g/day). Endothelium-dependent relaxations were examined in vitro. In rings from the treated group, endothelium-dependent relaxations were augmented in response to bradykinin, serotonin, and ADP, but not to the calcium ionophore A23187. These augmentations were not altered by indomethacin but were significantly inhibited by methylene blue, an inhibitor of guanylate cyclase. In the treated group, endothelium-dependent relaxations to aggregating platelets also were significantly augmented; platelet-induced contractions of quiescent rings were inhibited more by the presence of the endothelium than in arteries from the control group. Bioassay experiments deonstrated that the release of endothelium-derived relaxing factor(s) by bradykinin and relaxations of the vascular smooth muscle to the factor(s) were greater in arteries from the treated group. These observations indicate that dietary ω3 polyunsaturated fatty acids augment receptor-operated endothelium-dependent relaxations, partly due to the augmented release of endothelium-derived relaxing factor(s) and partly due to the augmented relaxation of the vascular smooth muscle to the factor(s).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25/4
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume256
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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