Diel feeding patterns and daily food intake of juvenile stone flounder Platichthys bicoloratus

Takeshi Tomiyama, Satoshi Katayama, Masayuki Yamamoto, Jun Shoji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pleuronectid flatfish are considered visual day feeders, but their ability to feed at night has not been examined in the field. Juvenile (age-0) stone flounder Platichthys bicoloratus were collected, and their stomach contents were investigated in situ every 4 h over a 24-h period in an estuarine habitat to elucidate diel feeding periodicity. The weight of juvenile stomach contents was usually the highest around dusk and the main prey was bivalve siphons. To reveal whether juveniles feed only at particular times during the day or throughout a 24-h period, we conducted 24-h cage experiments in which 10 juveniles with empty stomachs were held in a cage for approximately 4 h (six trials). This experiment was carried out three times during different moon phases. Juveniles primarily ingested prey during the day, but 30% of fish that were caged at night also ingested prey. The number of successful captures by the caged fish was much greater during the day than that at night. These results indicate that stone flounder generally feed during the day and they may only feed at night under unusual situations, although they have the ability to capture prey at night. The mean daily ration estimated by diel changes in stomach content weight varied from 3.4% (95% confidence interval, 1.8-4.8%) to 13.2% (11.0-15.6%) of body weight between survey dates, indicating that daily food consumption by fish estimated from a single survey may be strongly biased.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-137
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Sea Research
Volume107
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Cage experiment
  • Diel feeding rhythm
  • Flatfish
  • Food intake
  • Siphon cropping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science

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