Diagram of constituent crystalline phases in a Nd–Fe–B–Cu sintered magnet by in-situ high-temperature synchrotron X-ray diffraction and its thermodynamic interpretation

Shintaro Kobayashi, Taichi Abe, Andrés Martín-Cid, Shogo Kawaguchi, Motohiro Suzuki, Satoshi Hirosawa, Tetsuya Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A crystalline phase diagram of a Nd–Fe–B–Cu sintered magnet up to 1100 °C was determined through in-situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction using a new sample mounting method that prevents high-temperature contact reactions between the sample and the quartz capillary tube container. Using this newly developed method, we successfully observed almost identical phase diagrams during heating and cooling, indicating thermodynamic equilibrium. In addition, we obtained changes in the constituent phase fraction after quenching. Temperature-reversible changes in the dhcp-Nd fraction were observed from 475 °C to 650 °C, corresponding to a eutectic reaction in the Nd–Cu phase. The fcc-NdOx fraction decreased with the increase in the Nd2O3 fraction above 1000 °C, which behavior was attributed to a phase change from fcc-NdOx to high-temperature liquid and hcp-Nd2O3 phases. The measurements verify the thermodynamic database recently constructed for CALPHAD calculations of the Nd–Fe–B–Cu–O system by assuming the local thermodynamic equilibrium of the Nd oxides within the microstructure of the magnet.

Original languageEnglish
Article number162188
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume892
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Feb 5

Keywords

  • Permanent magnets
  • Phase diagrams
  • Synchrotron radiation
  • Thermodynamic modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Diagram of constituent crystalline phases in a Nd–Fe–B–Cu sintered magnet by in-situ high-temperature synchrotron X-ray diffraction and its thermodynamic interpretation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this