Diagnostic and therapeutic strategy for acute pulmonary thromboembolism

Masahito Sakuma, Mashio Nakamura, Norifumi Nakanishi, Yoshiyuki Miyahara, Nobuhiro Tanabe, Norikazu Yamada, Shigefumi Fukui, Huan Wang, Takayuki Kuriyama, Takeyoshi Kunieda, Tsuneaki Sugimoto, Takeshi Nakano, Kunio Shirato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The diagnostic and therapeutic strategy for acute pulmonary thromboembolism (APTE) was published by the Japanese Circulation Society. But in Japan, there has been no report on how to improve the pre-test probability in APTE-suspected cases, to determine a practically available diagnostic strategy, nor has been a report that compares diagnostic methods and therapies for APTE by decision analysis. Methods and Results: APTE was found in 66.7% before using diagnostic imaging techniques. Compared with the absence of APTE, prolonged immobilization, cancer, tachycardia, unilateral leg swelling and inverted T-wave in V1-3 were found more often in the presence of APTE. The rate of obtaining the result on the day of ordering the examination test was 100% with arterial blood gas analysis, trans-thoracic echocardiography and computed tomography (CT), 78.2% in D-dimer, 85.5% in pulmonary angiography, and 54.5% in perfusion lung scan. Decision analysis showed that the highest expected utility was anticoagulant over 0.51 in pre-test probability, with CT between 0.13 and 0.51. Conclusions: The pre-test probability of APTE has already been high before using specific diagnostic imaging techniques in Japan. Our results showed that the dianostic strategy for APTE made by the Japanese Circulation Society was available in most hospitals in Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)749-758
Number of pages10
JournalInternal Medicine
Volume45
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jul 18
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Computed tomography
  • D-dimer
  • Pre-test probability
  • Pulmonary angiography
  • Pulmonary embolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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