Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic impact of systemic inflammatory markers for IPMN with high-grade dysplasia (HGD)/invasive carcinoma. Methods Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), derived NLR, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, and C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio were compared across the different histological grades of 205 IPMN cases. We also tested the diagnostic performance for IPMN with HGD/invasive carcinoma. Results The median (interquartile range) preoperative NLR was higher in IPMN with HGD/invasive carcinoma (2.03 [1.48-2.93]) than IPMN with low-grade dysplasia (1.74 [1.42-2.24], P = 0.0137). The C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio and derived NLR values were also significant higher in cases with HGD/invasive carcinoma. A combination assay of NLR, carcinoembryonic antigen, and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 revealed a 58.8% sensitivity and 76.8% specificity. Among the cases with worrisome features, the high NLR values increased the positive predictive value (68.8%) compared with low values (31.8%). In IPMN cases with the associated invasive carcinoma, high NLR values showed association with the deeper vertical invasion and shorter survival periods. Conclusions Preoperative NLR, combined with tumor markers and image findings, can be a useful predictive marker for the presence of HGD/invasive carcinoma in IPMNs. Preoperative NLR also predicts the long-term outcomes in IPMN cases with invasive carcinoma.
- C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio
- intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas
- neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio
- tumor marker
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism