Diacylglycerol delays pH(i) overshoot after reperfusion and attenuates contracture in isolated, paced myocytes

Kenta Ito, Yutaka Kagaya, Takeshi Ishizuka, Nobuhiko Ito, Nobumasa Ishide, Kunio Shirato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Although protein kinase C (PKC) plays a pivotal role in ischemic preconditioning, it is not clear what the end effector is that protects the myocardium. In isolated, paced (1.25 Hz, 36-37°C) adult rat cardiomyocytes, the effects of PKC preactivation by diacylglycerol on cell motion, intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+](i); indo 1), and intracellular pH (pH(i); seminaphthorhodafluor-1) during simulated ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) were investigated. The degree of reperfusion-induced contracture was significantly attenuated in the myocytes pretreated with 10 μM 1,2- dioctanoyl-sn-glycerol (DOG; n = 19) compared with the untreated myocytes (n = 23, P < 0.02). There were no differences in twitch amplitude, enddiastolic [Ca2+](i), or peak-systolic [Ca2+](i) during I/R between the DOG- pretreated and untreated myocytes. Although there were no differences in phi during ischemia, the pH(i) overshoot during reperfusion was significantly delayed in the DOG-pretreated myocytes compared with the untreated myocytes (n = 17 for each, P < 0.01). Chelerythrine completely abolished the favorable effects of DOG on the reperfusion-induced contracture and the phi overshoot. These data suggest that diacylglycerol attenuates I/R injury in isolated, paced cardiomyocytes, which may be related to the slower phi overshoot during reperfusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H1708-H1717
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number5 46-5
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Nov


  • Acidosis
  • Calcium
  • Cardioprotection
  • Myocardial ischemia
  • Protein kinase C

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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