Dewatering characteristics of polymer conditioning alum sludge under low compressive pressure by a constant-rate strain compression test

Koki Goto, Osamu Nishimura, H. Satoh, A. Satoh, Y. D. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study, the constant-rate strain compression test (CRSC test) was proposed to evaluate the dewatering characteristics of coagulated sludges, such as alum sludges and polymer conditioned sludges, under low compressive pressure below 50 kPa. In CRSC test, a uniform compressive cake is formed when the initial thickness of a sample and rate of constant strain are 2 cm and 0.03 mm/min, respectively. Dewatering characteristics of alum sludge from the results of CRSC test have a good agreement with a conventional compression-permeability test. From these results, CRSC test have a merit to evaluate dewatering characteristics continuously and quantitatively under low compressive pressure. From the results of CRSC test, the equilibrium porosity of conditioned alum sludge with cationic polymer is not so different from that of unconditioned sludge at the same compressive pressure. On the other hand, kS02 of conditioned sludge remarkably decreases as compared with that of unconditioned sludge, and it is clear that polymer conditioning affects the floc structure of alum sludge under low compressive pressure. Although the improvement of dewaterability by polymer conditioning is remarkable in low compressive pressure range, local specific resistance of conditioned sludges is close to that of unconditioned sludge with the increase of compressive pressure over 100 kPa. From these results, it is necessary to develop a solid-liquid separation process fitting to the dewatering characteristics of coagulated sludge under each dewatering pressure range.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-203
Number of pages9
JournalWater Supply
Volume9
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1991 Jan 1
EventIWSA/IAWPRC Joint Specialized Conference on Coagulation, Flocculation, Filtration, Sedimentation and Flotation - Jonkoping, Swed
Duration: 1990 Apr 241990 Apr 26

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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