Developments of bacterial population and methanogenic activity in a laboratory-scale landfill bioreactor

Jiunn Jyi Lay, Yu You Li, Tatsuya Noike

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sludge was taken from laboratory-scale simulators of a landfill bioreactor (LFBR) treating the organic fraction of municipal solid wastes (OFMSW) over a period of 1 year. Population densities of acetogens, hydrogen- and acetate-utilizing methanogens and the specific methanogenic activity (SMA) on degrading butyrate, propionate, acetate and formate were measured. The results indicate that the Gompertz equation is a suitable model for describing the growth data of acetogens, hydrogen- and acetate-utilizing methanogens. The development of SMAs can be systematically described by a simple mathematical equation derived from the Gompertz equation. The measurements of bacterial population growth and methanogenic activity reveal that the SMA of acetate is an ultimate indicator for monitoring the OFMSW decomposition. Leachate recycling can stimulate the carbon flow from hydrolysis/fermentation through the hydrogen/acetate toward methane. A moisture content of 75% is suggested to be an initial rapid decomposition threshold for the anaerobic organic refuse mineralization in a landfill bioreactor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3673-3679
Number of pages7
JournalWater Research
Volume32
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Dec
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acetogenesis
  • Bacterial growth
  • Landfill bioreactor
  • Methane production
  • Methanogenesis
  • Moisture content
  • Organic fraction of municipal solid waste

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecological Modelling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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