Development the Care Evaluation Scale Version 2.0: a modified version of a measure for bereaved family members to evaluate the structure and process of palliative care for cancer patient

Mitsunori Miyashita, Maho Aoyama, Misato Nakahata, Yuji Yamada, Mutsumi Abe, Kazuhiro Yanagihara, Akemi Shirado, Mariko Shutoh, Yoshiaki Okamoto, Jun Hamano, Aoi Miyamoto, Saki Yoshida, Kazuki Sato, Kei Hirai, Tatsuya Morita

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The Care Evaluation Scale (CES1.0) was designed to allow bereaved family members to evaluate the structure and process of care, but has been associated with a high frequency of misresponses. The objective of this study was to develop a modified version of CES1.0 (CES2.0) that would eliminate misresponses while maintaining good reliability and validity. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional questionnaire survey by mail in October 2013. The participants were bereaved family members of patients who died from cancer in seven institutions in Japan. All family members were asked to complete CES2.0, the short form CES1.0, items on overall care satisfaction, the Family Satisfaction with Advanced Cancer Care (FAMCARE) Scale, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and the Brief Grief Questionnaire (BGQ). To examine test-retest reliability, all participants were asked to complete a second CES2.0. Results: Of 596 questionnaires sent, 461 (77%) were returned and 393 (66%) were analyzed. In the short form CES1.0, 17.1% of the responses were identified as misresponses. No misresponses were found in CES2.0. We identified 10 CES2.0 subscales similar to those in CES1.0 using exploratory factor analysis. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.96, and the intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.83. Correlations were found between CES2.0 and overall satisfaction (r = 0.83) and FAMCARE (r = 0.58). In addition, total CES2.0 scores were negatively correlated with the PHQ-9 (r = −0.22) and BGQ (r = −0.10). Conclusion: These results suggest that CES2.0 eliminated misresponses associated with CES1.0 while maintaining good reliability and validity and greatly improving test-retest reliability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalBMC Palliative Care
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 23

Keywords

  • Bereavement
  • Neoplasms
  • Palliative care
  • Quality of care
  • Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Miyashita, M., Aoyama, M., Nakahata, M., Yamada, Y., Abe, M., Yanagihara, K., Shirado, A., Shutoh, M., Okamoto, Y., Hamano, J., Miyamoto, A., Yoshida, S., Sato, K., Hirai, K., & Morita, T. (2017). Development the Care Evaluation Scale Version 2.0: a modified version of a measure for bereaved family members to evaluate the structure and process of palliative care for cancer patient. BMC Palliative Care, 16(1), 1-10. [8]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12904-017-0183-2