Development of thermo-mechanical processing for fabricating highly durable β-type Ti-Nb-Ta-Zr rod for use in spinal fixation devices

Kengo Narita, Mitsuo Niinomi, Masaaki Nakai, Junko Hieda, Kazuya Oribe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mechanical strength of a beta titanium alloy such as Ti-Nb-Ta-Zr alloy (TNTZ) can be improved significantly by thermo-mechanical treatment. In this study, TNTZ was subjected to solution treatment, cold caliber rolling, and cold swaging before aging treatment to form a rod for spinal fixation. The . {110}β are aligned parallel to the cross-section with two strong peaks approximately 180. {ring operator} apart, facing one another, in the TNTZ rods subjected to cold caliber rolling and six strong peaks at approximately 60. {ring operator} intervals, facing one another, in the TNTZ rods subjected to cold swaging. Therefore, the TNTZ rods subjected to cold swaging have a more uniform structure than those subjected to cold caliber rolling. The orientation relationship between the . α and . β phases is different. A . [110]β//. [121]α, . (112)β//. (210)α orientation relationship is observed in the TNTZ rods subjected to aging treatment at 723 K after solution treatment and cold caliber rolling. On the other hand, a . [110]β//. [001]α, . (112)β//. (200)α orientation relationship is observed in TNTZ rod subjected to aging treatment at 723 K after cold swaging. A high 0.2% proof stress of about 1200 MPa, high elongation of 18%, and high fatigue strength of 950 MPa indicate that aging treatment at 723 K after cold swaging is the optimal thermo-mechanical process for a TNTZ rod.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-216
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 May
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging treatments
  • Beta-type
  • Biomaterials
  • Cord working
  • Fatigue strength
  • Mechanical properties
  • Spinal devices
  • Titanium alloys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

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