Development of the global simulation model of the heliosphere

Satomi Kamei, Aoi Nakamizo, Takashi Tanaka, Takahiro Obara, Hironori Shimazu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The heliospheric structure ranging from the solar surface to the earth's orbit is self-consistently reproduced from a time-stationary three-dimensional (3D) magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulation. The simulation model incorporates gravity, Coriolis, and centrifugal forces into the momentum equation, and coronal heating and field- aligned thermal conduction into the energy equation. The heating term in the present model has its peak at 2.8 solar radius (R s) and exponentially falls to zero at greater distance from the solar surface. The absolute value of heating depends on the topology of the solar magnetic field so as to be in inverse proportion with the magnetic expansion factor. The results of the simulation simultaneously reproduce the plasma-exit structure on the solar surface, the high-temperature region in the corona, the open- and closed-magnetic-field structures in the corona, the fast and slow streams of the solar wind, and the sector structure in the heliosphere.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)581-584
Number of pages4
Journalearth, planets and space
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • CIR
  • MHD simulation
  • Solar wind

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Space and Planetary Science


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