機能性素子を用いたがん微小環境を標的とする siRNA 送達技術の開発

Translated title of the contribution: Development of siRNA delivery targeting the tumor microenvironment with a new functional device

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The tumor microenvironment plays a key role in cancer progression, drug resistance, metastasis, etc. To establish a new therapeutic strategy based on control of the tumor microenvironment, I have developed a lipid nanoparticle (LNP)based in vivo small interfering RNA (siRNA) delivery system equipped with a targeting ligand. First, I established an LNP that induces membrane fusion in response to acidification after internalization by cells using the original pH-sensitive cationic lipid YSK05. A modification of polyethylene glycol to YSK05-containing LNPs allowed significant gene silencing in the human renal cell carcinoma model. Then, I attempted to establish a tumor vasculature-targeting LNP because the vasculature is responsible for the tumor microenvironment. Cyclic RGD peptide is known to be a ligand against integrin aVb3, which is highly expressed on tumor endothelial cells (TECs). Optimized cyclic RGD peptide-modified LNP (RGD-LNP) suppressed gene expression in TECs to 50%. The inhibition of vascular endothelial cell growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2), which is a dominant factor in angiogenesis, by the injection of RGD-LNP significantly delayed tumor growth. Finally, I examined the effect of RGD-LNP on the tumor microenvironment. The suppression of VEGFR2 increased pericyte coverage and endothelial junctions, which indicate maturation of the vasculature. In RGD-LNP-treated mice, systemically administered nanoparticles encapsulating doxorubicin were distributed in a larger area than in untreated mice. Moreover, the therapeutic effect of doxorubicin-loaded liposomes was significantly enhanced by RGD-LNP. In conclusion, I succeeded in developing a new therapy based on regulation of the tumor microenvironment.

Translated title of the contributionDevelopment of siRNA delivery targeting the tumor microenvironment with a new functional device
Original languageJapanese
Pages (from-to)1357-1363
Number of pages7
JournalYakugaku Zasshi
Volume139
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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