The tumor microenvironment plays a key role in cancer progression, drug resistance, metastasis, etc. To establish a new therapeutic strategy based on control of the tumor microenvironment, I have developed a lipid nanoparticle (LNP)based in vivo small interfering RNA (siRNA) delivery system equipped with a targeting ligand. First, I established an LNP that induces membrane fusion in response to acidification after internalization by cells using the original pH-sensitive cationic lipid YSK05. A modification of polyethylene glycol to YSK05-containing LNPs allowed significant gene silencing in the human renal cell carcinoma model. Then, I attempted to establish a tumor vasculature-targeting LNP because the vasculature is responsible for the tumor microenvironment. Cyclic RGD peptide is known to be a ligand against integrin aVb3, which is highly expressed on tumor endothelial cells (TECs). Optimized cyclic RGD peptide-modified LNP (RGD-LNP) suppressed gene expression in TECs to 50％. The inhibition of vascular endothelial cell growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2), which is a dominant factor in angiogenesis, by the injection of RGD-LNP significantly delayed tumor growth. Finally, I examined the effect of RGD-LNP on the tumor microenvironment. The suppression of VEGFR2 increased pericyte coverage and endothelial junctions, which indicate maturation of the vasculature. In RGD-LNP-treated mice, systemically administered nanoparticles encapsulating doxorubicin were distributed in a larger area than in untreated mice. Moreover, the therapeutic effect of doxorubicin-loaded liposomes was significantly enhanced by RGD-LNP. In conclusion, I succeeded in developing a new therapy based on regulation of the tumor microenvironment.
|Translated title of the contribution||Development of siRNA delivery targeting the tumor microenvironment with a new functional device|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science